Deck Log Entry # 181 Mysteries of the Silver Age (Part One)

Those of you with long memories and an interest in such a thing will remember Jeff of Earth-J’s thread on the television soap opera Dark Shadows.  Jeff introduced it in 2010 and it picked up a good head of steam, running strong for years.  Even five years later, folks are still posting to it.  The on-going discussion of the series reminded me of something that had confounded me for years.

 

One of the more important second-tier characters on the series was Professor Timothy Stokes, portrayed by Thayer David.  At least, that was the name of the character when he was introduced on the show in April of 1968.   Stokes’s stature was such that I don’t recall anyone else on the show calling him “Timothy”.  He was always introduced as “Professor Timothy Stokes” or addressed directly as simply “Professor Stokes”. 

 

On one occasion, two months after his introduction, the professor tells young David Collins that his name is “Timothy Eliot Stokes”.  But that was for effect.  He wasn’t a “three-namer”, like Edgar Allan Poe or William Jennings Bryan.  Every other time, he referred to himself as simply “Timothy Stokes”.  And in the end credits, he was listed variously as “Professor Stokes”, “Timothy Stokes”, or “Professor Timothy Stokes”.

 

And Timothy Stokes he remained, through 1968 and all of 1969.  Then, at some point in 1970, something strange happened.  There were wide gaps in my viewing of the show by then, so I cannot tell you exactly when, but I discovered that some of the characters, who had become familiar with Stokes by then, were calling him “Eliot”, and he was being referred to as “Professor Eliot Stokes”.  The closing credits were now listing him as “T. Eliot Stokes”.

 

What the hell happened to “Timothy”?

 

Things like that bug me.  Yes, lots of “mysterious” changes have taken place on television series, especially in those days, when the Internet and entertainment-news programmes weren’t feeding the fans every tiny development.  Characters disappeared from casts.  Formats changed.  But these type of things, a savvy viewer knew---even if he didn’t have the exact details---were tied to actor availability or budgets or ratings.  But there didn’t seem to any reason for changing Stokes’s name so significantly, and after he had been so long established.

 

I own a couple of books about Dark Shadows and have read a few more; I periodically scan any websites about the show; I raised the question on Jeff’s Dark Shadows thread.  Yet, I have never come across the reason for it.  Not even a hint.  Not even a mention of the fact that the name was altered.  The show’s fans seem to be unaware of it, and any who are apparently don’t care.

 

Of course, I wouldn’t be talking about it here if the same sort of the thing didn’t happen in comic books, as well.  Peculiar little alterations that showed up for no apparent reason within the fictional conceit of the series.  Neither could they be explained by a well-grounded conjecture, such as a change in artists or an obvious editorial fiat.  In the half-century since, these mysteries have intensified, as none of ensuing books or articles or interviews examining the Silver Age have ever shed any light on them.  At least, none that I have come across.  Even Internet searches produce next to no results.

 

Over this Deck Log Entry and the next, I'll discuss four of the things that have always bugged me.

 

 

1.  The Adult Robin---the Mystery of His First First Costume.

 

Minor changes in a character’s costume can be tricky things.  Most of the time, they can be attributed to differences in artists’ renditions.  A fresh artist on a series might (1) overlook small details in a character’s costume; or (2) deliberately make small adjustments that he feels are more æsthetically pleasing.  Case in point, after the uniforms of the three charter members of the Legion of Super-Heroes settled into their standard versions, Lightning Lad---as drawn by John Forte and Jim Mooney and Curt Swan---displayed a sort of cummerbund beneath his belt.  Other Legion artists, like Win Mortimer, never drew it all, and eventually, even Swan got tired of adding the extra decoration. 

 

And then you had Green Lantern artist Gil Kane, who spent most of 1964-5 tinkering with the arrangement of green and black on the Emerald Gladiator’s costume, until he got it just the way he wanted it.

 

But the adult Robin of Earth-Two’s first first costume (no, that’s not a typo) doesn’t fall under either of those rationales.

 

I am in the minority of fans who preferred the original outfit of the grown-up “Boy” Wonder of Earth-Two, and those of you long-time Legionnaires will remember me mentioning this curious instance before---that between Justice League of America # 55 and 56, the double-issue story which featured his Silver-Age début, Robin actually wore two slightly different costumes.

 

It’s clear enough on the cover of JLA # 55 (Aug., 1967).  The now-adult Robin is wearing a costume almost identical with the Batman’s, except in place of a bat-emblem on his chest, resides an “R” contained within a red circle, off-set by tiny bat-wings; and a yellow, scalloped cape, adorned by one of those high collars so popular with Golden-Age super-heroes.  But that’s not the costume he wears inside the book.

It’s close, but the discrepancies are obvious.  The “R” chest-insignia does not have the red-circle underlay.  Nor does Robin wear the black-blue trunks and his “shirttails” flair out from under his utility belt, in a fashion similar to the jerkin he wore as the Boy Wonder.

 

Most curious are the lines drawn around the biceps of his sleeves.  These lines appeared on his arms throughout JLA # 55.

 

The adult Robin does not appear on the cover of the second half---JLA # 56 (Sep., 1967)---but when you open it up, he’s now wearing the version of his outfit that appeared on the previous cover---the costume conventionally considered to be his first one.  There’s no in-story reference to the new duds; they’re simply there.

 

So, why did artist Mike Sekowsky, who penciled the interiors of both issues and the cover of # 55, make the changes?

 

 

 

I don’t know.  I’ve never seen any source mention this, or discuss it, except for my own post about it on these boards six years ago.  I’ve never seen anyone connected with DC at the time address it.    But I have a hunch that the tweaking between issues wasn’t Mike Sekowsky’s idea.  In fact, the inclusion of the now-grown-up Boy Wonder of Earth-Two in that JLA/JSA team-up was an attempt, and a transparent one, by DC to have it both ways.

 

A year earlier, the phenomenal popularity of the Batman television programme had infected the country with “Batmania”.  And DC, seeing its profit-share rocketing sky-high, fueled the bat-frenzy by playing up the Caped Crusader as much as possible.   For one thing, he had been turned into the virtual star of Justice League of America.  For over a year, Batman had been hogging most of the action and all of the covers. The cover of 1966’s JLA Giant Annual displayed the Gotham Gangbuster taking up most of the cover space, while the rest of the League trailed far behind him.  (This, no doubt, confused eager “Batmanics” after they opened up the book and found that the three reprinted tales within came from the early years of the JLA, when their hero barely showed his pointy-eared cowl.)

 

Yet, die-hard JLA fans---the ones who remembered when Batman was just one of the bunch, no more special than any other member---were complaining loudly about his monopolisation of the title.  They’d had enough of “His Batship”.

 

Leaving Batman out of that year’s JLA/JSA team-up, yet giving an adult Robin a featured spot was a not-so-sneaky trick.  Editor Julius Schwartz could claim that he was responding to the wishes of the JLA purists, yet, at the same time, play to the Bat-fans, who wanted all-Batman, all the time.

 

The way I figure it:  when Sekowsky got the script for the first half, JLA # 55, the costume he originally designed for the adult Robin was far more evocative of his boyhood outfit.  Hence, the jerkin with the flared tail and the simple “R” laid over the batwings for his insignia.  And those peculiar lines around his biceps?  I suspect that Sekowsky was channeling the boy Robin’s costume even more by intending his adult outfit also be short-sleeved.  The lines on the biceps demarked where the shirt-sleeves stopped, and his arms would have been bare down to the gloves.

 

However---more conjecture here---when the art for JLA # 55 got to Julius Schwartz’s desk, he was unhappy with Sekowsky’s design.  I’m guessing it was too late to alter the art for that issue, but for the second half, # 56, Schwartz told Sekowsky to make the adult Robin costume more Batman-like.  Thus, the change from a tunic to the standard super-hero shirt and the addition of the blue-black trunks and the red circle around the chest emblem.  (One thing Julie probably could do, and did, before issue # 55 went to press was instruct the colourist to ignore the idea of short sleeves and colour the adult Robin’s arms grey, to give the appearance of long sleeves.  Sid Greene had already inked the lines indicating short sleeves, so they had to stay.)

 

Whatever the reason for the changes, the latter version is the one that stuck and the one that everyone considers to be the Earth-Two Robin’s original adult costume.  Few remember that there was an even “original-er” one.

 

 

2.  The Elongated Man---the Mystery of Malleable, Maroon Manhunter.

 

Ralph Dibny, the Elongated Man, débuted in The Flash # 112 (Apr.-May, 1960).  His ability to stretch his body to great lengths wasn’t a terribly original super-power.  It had already been done in the Golden Age, to great effect, by Plastic Man, and when Superman editor Mort Weisinger needed to give Jimmy Olsen a super-hero identity, he went with the super-stretchable Elastic Lad.  Not to mention only a year later, Marvel Comics’ Stan Lee would appropriate it as the power for Reed Richards, in the first issue of The Fantastic Four.

 

Julius Schwartz probably let the writer of “The Mystery of the Elongated Man”---John Broome---get away with giving his new character such an uninspired talent because the E-Man was never intended to be more than a second-tier super-hero.  That probably also accounted for the drab purplish-grey-and-dark-blue costume that artist Carmine Infantino designed for him.

 

The Elongated Man made a half-dozen more appearances in The Flash, showcasing his lighthearted, publicity-loving personality.  But he never seemed able to break out from being an also-ran.  In fact, with even Kid Flash showing to be more popular, Dibny dropped down to third-tier status.  Schwartz banished the E-Man to comics limbo until the editor could find a better slot for him.

 

Fortunately, the Elongated Man’s get-out-of-limbo-free ticket arrived only a year later, when Schwartz was suddenly appointed editor of Batman and Detective Comics.  In an attempt to revitalise the character, Schwartz scrapped the science-fiction milieu that Batman had been shoved into.  The Caped Crusader was going to be a detective again, and that meant no more Buck Rogers stuff---which was bad news for the long-running “Manhunter from Mars” back-up series.  J’onn J’onzz got kicked to the curb and Schwartz replaced him with the Elongated Man, who, with some minor tweaking, could fit the bill.

 

To accommodate the magazine's title, the readers were told that the Elongated Man was a mystery-hound and an amateur sleuth.  The premise was that independently wealthy Dibny and his wife, Sue, travelled the country, inevitably running into bizarre occurrences and baffling problems, which would set Ralph’s nose a-twitching.

 

The only visual change in the character, at this point, was eliminating the mask he had worn during his Flash days.  As Schwartz explained in a “Batman’s Hot-Line” letter column, since the Elongated Man had publically revealed his secret identity, there was no practical reason for the mask.  For two years, the series rolled along handily, proving to be a strong enough back-up that, a couple of times, the “Ductile Detective” got promoted to the lead story, teaming up with the magazine’s headliners, Batman and Robin.

 

Finally, it was decided that the Elongated Man was enough of a star to shed his dreary grey “stretch-nylon” duds and join the ranks of the primary-coloured super-heroes.  At the end of the tale “Green Lantern’s Blackout”, from Detective Comics # 350 (Apr., 1966), Ralph receives a new costume from Sue, as a birthday present.

 

 

 

 

The E-Man’s new duds certainly were snazzy---primarily red, with some black highlights and touches of yellow.  The scratchiness of Carmine Infantino’s inks, over his own pencils, often made the art look murky, and having a hero dressed in dull tones didn’t help.  The colour of Ralph’s new outfit---particularly, the crimson---brightened up the strip considerably.

 

Now, those of you who were devout Elongated Man fans at the time might be thinking that the mystery in question occurred seven issues later, when the Stretchable Sleuth appeared, without explanation, in a yellow costume.

 

It’s true that in “Tragedy of the Too-Lucky Thief”, from Detective Comics # 357 (Nov., 1966), Dibny wears a yellow outfit, with no in-story reference as to why.  But there was little mystery to it.  Obviously, the off-hue was a colouring mistake; it was the correct costume, only yellow where it was supposed to be red, and red where it was supposed to be yellow.  The colourist had inadvertently reversed the proper scheme.

 

This was confirmed in a subsequent “Batman’s Hot-Line” letter column, when reader Alan Trahern, of Covington, Louisiana, took Julius Schwartz and company to task for such a glaring error---“the biggest boo-boo since the Flash stood unmasked, his whole costume torn to shreds and a total loss after battling with his fellow Justice League members against some terrible menace in JLA [# 35] . . . .”

 

To which, Schwartz candidly explained:

 

The reverse-color-switch on Elongated Man’s costume was unfortunately committed by our colorist---who must have been temporarily overcome by a stroke of color-blindness.  And because Ye Editor at the time the color-crime was committed happened to be vacationing in far-off California, he wasn’t around to catch the error.

 

The following tale---“The Faker-Takers of the Baker’s Dozen”, in issue # 358---restored the correct arrangement of red and yellow to Dibny’s duds, and all was right with the Elongated Man’s world.

 

Until the next issue, that is.

Detective Comics # 359 (Jan., 1967) is overwhelmingly known for its lead story, “The Million-Dollar Debut of Batgirl”.  However, another development occurred in the Elongated Man back-up tale, “Riddle of the Sleepytime Taxi”.  It was another costume alteration for Ralph.  This time, the red portions of the E-Man’s costume had been recoloured to a muted shade of the reddish-purple uniform worn by fellow stretching hero, Elastic Lad.  As with the earlier discrepancy, the new colour scheme was not addressed in the story proper.

 

I remember my first thought, after buying the comic off the spinner rack and reading the “Sleepytime Taxi” story, was that whomever was in charge of colouring had goofed, again.  I didn’t give the change that much thought because---like the last time, I figured---when next we saw Ralph, he would be back in the right-coloured costume.

 

That’s why I was puzzled when, a couple of weeks later, I picked up my copy of Justice League of America # 51 (Feb., 1967) at Koplin’s Drug Store.  This was the issue that featured the conclusion of Zatanna’s search for her father, and the Elongated Man makes a guest-star appearance.  And again, his costume was given that muted magenta colour. 

 

I was really interested in what I would find when the next issue of Detective Comics---# 360---came out two weeks after that.  I immediately turned to the back-up tale, “London Caper of the Rockers and Mods”, and saw that they were still colouring the Malleable Manhunter in maroon.  As they did in the story after that and the story after that.

 

It appeared the plum-coloured outfit was here to stay.  I scrutinised the letter columns month after month, hoping to see editor Schwartz’ response to a letter asking about the change.  But if any fans ever did ask about it, their letters never saw print.  No question about the magenta-hued costume ever appeared, and no reason was ever given.

 

 

 

I’m willing to wager that nearly all of you reading this had no idea that the Elongated Man ever experienced such a dramatic colour change in his second costume.  That would be understandable if it had only been for a half-dozen stories or so.

 

What’s remarkable is that nobody remembers the maroon outfit---when it ran for twenty-six issues!  After Detective Comics # 359, it appeared in every Elongated Man adventure until his series was cancelled, two years later.

 

After “Pursuit of the Bugged Bandits” in Detective Comics # 383 (Jan., 1969), the Stretchable Sleuth was kicked out to make room for a Batgirl series.  Once again, he was consigned to comic-book limbo---until 1971, when Julius Schwartz needed some filler for a few issues of The Flash.  Schwartz published four back-up stories featuring the Elongated Man, starting with The Flash #206 (May, 1971).

 

Interestingly enough, when the Elongated Man returned, his costume was finally coloured the way it was supposed to be---crimson.  And it would stay that way for the rest of the Ductile Detective’s pre-Crisis career.

 

Even more curiously, you won’t find any reference to the maroon costume in the various Elongated Man-based websites.  Even the various comic-book-index sites, such as the Grand Comics Database or Mike’s Amazing World of DC Comics, which note the tiniest details, say nothing about the two years Ralph Dibny spent looking like Little Jack Horner’s thumb.

 

While I was able to put together a reasonable theory for the alterations in the adult Robin’s costume, I’ve never come up with any plausible idea as to why the signature colour of the Elongated Man’s second uniform was changed to a darker and, frankly, a drearier shade.  Or was there a purpose?  If the first time, in Detective Comics # 359, was a colouring mistake, then why was it perpetuated?  Why didn’t Julius Schwartz yell “Whoa!  Fix it!”, like he did with the earlier, yellow error?

 

Even an argument that Julie preferred the maroon colour wouldn’t make sense.  When he brought the Elongated Man back in The Flash, he allowed the return of the red costume.

 

I’m open to any suggestions you guys might have.  Better yet, if any of you have come across some information that I haven’t---my storehouse of Silver-Age behind-the-scenes knowledge is far from comprehensive---then you have the floor.  I’m all ears.

* * * * *

Next time, we'll look at two more instances of unexplained tinkering---including a permanent change in the appearance of DC's most famous super-hero.  A change that no-one ever noticed, even now!

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I preferred the Earth-2 context where the heroes actually got older. Of course, you can push it just so far.

At one time it was hinted that time flowed at a different rate over on Earth-2. Had they pursued this idea, it could be that Earth-2 was still in the 1960s while Earth-1 had reached 1990.

Once they cancelled the All Star revival there weren't any regular Earth-2 series running so they could have done pretty much anything they wanted with it.

I second Richard's recommendation.

Meanwhile, I have another Earth-2 Robin related Silver Age Mystery--in Flash #137, Vandal Savage lures the various JSAers who defeated the first Injustice Society out of retirement by shining mysterious searchlights in their home cities (why he assumed that, for instance, the Atom would still be hanging around Calvin City a decade after his last public sighting is anyone's guess), we're specifically told that they were seen in Gotham City to attract Green Lantern.  Ok, except that, while Alan Scott had been retired as a crime-fighter for years, Batman & Robin were still active there as far as we know (the timeline for Bruce's retirement was rather vague--he remained active after he married Selina, and after the birth of Helena, so he may well have only "semi-retired" after Alan Scott resumed his Green Lantern role on a regular basis sometime shortly after this story, and Batman only permanently retired when Selina was killed), so wouldn't it have made more sense for one or both of them to respond to those weird lights than the long-inactive GL?  Did Vandal Savage have to wait until both Batman & Robin were known to be out of town to launch his attack, so that he'd be sure to get the hero he wanted?

Here's an odd bit I stumbled across cracking open the Marvel Masterworks SHIELD collection—Nick Fury, a CIA agent in FF 22, says he's a G-2 here. I'm under the impression that means he's switched services—or am I wrong?

Of course getting a detail like that wrong would hardly be unusual for Stan back in the Silver Age, but I'm curious.

It took a while for Julius Schwartz to say there was an Earth-Two Superman and Batman in the first place. And he introduced the E-2 Caped Crusader only after he became the Bat-Editor. After that, it must have been easier to bring up Superman.
 
Dave Elyea said:

Meanwhile, I have another Earth-2 Robin related Silver Age Mystery--in Flash #137, Vandal Savage lures the various JSAers who defeated the first Injustice Society out of retirement by shining mysterious searchlights in their home cities (why he assumed that, for instance, the Atom would still be hanging around Calvin City a decade after his last public sighting is anyone's guess), we're specifically told that they were seen in Gotham City to attract Green Lantern.  Ok, except that, while Alan Scott had been retired as a crime-fighter for years, Batman & Robin were still active there as far as we know (the timeline for Bruce's retirement was rather vague--he remained active after he married Selina, and after the birth of Helena, so he may well have only "semi-retired" after Alan Scott resumed his Green Lantern role on a regular basis sometime shortly after this story, and Batman only permanently retired when Selina was killed), so wouldn't it have made more sense for one or both of them to respond to those weird lights than the long-inactive GL?  Did Vandal Savage have to wait until both Batman & Robin were known to be out of town to launch his attack, so that he'd be sure to get the hero he wanted?

Actually, it seems to me that the not only hadn't decided yet if there were Earth-2 counterparts for Superman & Batman, but they also seemed to be playing Wonder Woman's status a little vague.  Unlike the World's Finest duo, they couldn't pretend that she hadn't been part of the JSA (that would have to wait for the Post-Crisis universe), but Barry Allen's comment to the effect that WW was "based in Washington DC in those days" stood out for me--the Silver Age WW was apparently based in New York City, so was Barry referencing his fellow JLA member, or some possibly never seen Golden Age comic in which Diana Prince may have left DC (the city, not the company)?

Further complicating things, while there was never any indication that the adventures of the Earth-2 Superman or Batman had ever been "dreamed" into comics on Earth-1 the way the Flash & most of the other JSAers had been, we eventually saw Wonder Woman reading Golden Age WW comics!  Whether the comics she read in Wonder Woman #156 were of her own earlier adventures (and Donna Troy's timeline would hint that WW may have been active in Man's World longer than, say, Batman had been), or of the Wonder Woman who was cover featured on those old All-Star Comics that Barry Allen read was never really explored.


Fraser Sherman said:

Here's an odd bit I stumbled across cracking open the Marvel Masterworks SHIELD collection—Nick Fury, a CIA agent in FF 22, says he's a G-2 here. I'm under the impression that means he's switched services—or am I wrong?

Nope, Fury never switched services. He was always U. S. Army.

First, let's discuss nomenclature, for anyone who is unaware. The staffs of a general officer or a flag officer in the U. S. armed forces follow the traditional continental staff system. In the continental staff system, the divisions are designated by number. The actual number itself does not indicate a ranking, i.e., a "1" is not higher or lower than a "2". It's just that numbers are used as designators because they are universally understood across all languages.

The continental staff system has been used by America's armed forces for over a century, and the numbers break down like this:

1---manpower and personnel

2---intelligence and security

3---operations and training

4---supply

Over the decades, other numbers have been designated, as society or technology has required (e.g., "5" for law and civil affairs; "6" for cyber-communications), but the four above are the customary ones.

In addition to the numbers, the staffs are further identified by a prefacing letter. For a military staff not headed by a general officer, the letter is "S". Thus, the top four departments above on such a staff would be termed "S-1", "S-2", "S-3", and "S-4". For a military staff commanded by a general officer, the letter designate is "G" ("G-1", "G-2", and so forth). For Navy staffs, the letter is "N". The Air Force uses "A". And at joint commands (joint meaning that officers from various branches serve on the same staff), the letter designate is "J".

However, no matter what letter is in prefix, the numbers always conform to the above break-down ("1" is personnel, "2" is intelligence, and so forth).

If you've been playing along, then you have grasped that "G-2" is the intelligence division of a general officer's staff. "G-2" is also used in the Army as a colloquial term for any Army-sourced intelligence. Thus, Colonel Nick Fury was, prior to his assignment as director of S.H.I.E.L.D., an officer in the intelligence division of some general's staff---most likely the Army Chief of Staff's staff.

Now here's the point that goes to your question, Mr. Sherman. COL Fury did not change services in going from the Army to the CIA, or from the CIA to Army (G-2).

Since its inception, the Central Intelligence Agency has maintained a department dedicated to utilising military intelligence assets in its information gathering. For much of the CIA's history, this department was called the Office of Military Affairs; in the wake of 11 September 2001, it's been known as the office of the Associate Director of Military Affairs. Most of the manpower in the CIA's military affairs division has come from the intelligence communities of the U. S. armed forces. When working for the CIA, these officers of the armed forces do not leave their services, nor are they "transferred" out of the armed forces. They are simply assigned the duty of working for the CIA.

(This is identical in concept to pilots in the U.S. armed forces being assigned to N.A.S.A.---a civilian organisation---to train and operate as astronauts. The armed forces personnel assigned to N.A.S.A. don't leave their individual services; they remain service members on active duty assigned to N.A.S.A.)

Nor are officers of the U.S. armed forces limited to serving in only the CIA's military affairs office. The list of directors and vice directors of Central Intelligence shows several active duty officers served in those positions. Two general officer and two flag officers, all active duty, comprised the first four directors of the CIA.

So, the upshot of all this was COL Fury did not "leave" the Army to go to the CIA; nor did he "leave" the CIA to go back to the Army. Rather, he was an officer attached to the intelligence division of the Army(G-2) and was assigned to a billet with the CIA. But, officially, he was still an Army officer in G-2.

Hope this helps.

Perfectly Commander. I suspected it might be some technicality along those lines.

Dave, having Superman and Batman in Earth-1 comics would raise real problems, though I doubt they were on anyone's mind during Flash 137. Nobody reading Golden Age Flash Comics would get a clue as to who the Earth-One speedster was (Jay Garrick's an octogenerarian with a bum leg from Korea. Definitely not the Flash.") but so much of Superman and Batman tracked it would be hard to ignore. Anyone who noticed Superman was identical to those old comics would have to notice there's a Clark Kent on Earth One too ... hmmm.

I think one of the main reasons for omitting Superman, Batman and Wonder Woman from the early Silver Age appearances of the JSA was that they were virtually identical visually to their JLA counterparts. They purposely gave the JSA Hawkman that hood, which wasn't used that much in the Golden Age, to distinguish him from the JLA's Hawkman. None of the other JSA members looked anything like the JLA members. If they thought the parallel earths were confusing some readers they didn't want to add to the perceived confusion.

Also they had little to do with the Golden Age JSA. Wonder Woman didn't do much in All-Star (mostly she appeared in the opening and closing scenes) and Superman and Batman only appeared two or three times. Hawkman only got the hood in his last few appearances, and they might have kept it only because it was what he was wearing in his last Golden Age appearance. They also kept Atom's new costume he'd barely used, even though no one would mistake Al Pratt for Ray Palmer.The thing is that while Batman and Wonder Woman appearances remained rare, Superman made a lot of appearances, even merging with Earth-1 Superman in one story.

Actually, my point was not that the Earth-2 Superman or Batman should have appeared in Earth-1 comics, since not only would that have given away most of their secrets, but it also would have meant that, when they made their first public appearances in costume, someone would have noticed that they were dressing up as old comic book characters.  Despite the names, no one really looked at Barry Allen or Hal Jordan and was strongly reminded of Jay Garrick or Alan Scott (Hawkman remains problematic, but it's possible that he was a more obscure character in the Earth-1 comics than he was in the Earth-Prime ones)--what has me puzzled is the fact that the Wonder Woman comics did exist!  Given the amount of time that teenage Diana spent spying on her future self with her handy time-scope, Diana not only arrived in Man's World having known for ages that she was going to grow up to be Wonder Woman, but she probably already knew that she had an older dimensional counterpart (she was certainly no stranger to various counterparts of herself at any age).  Given how vague the transition period from Earth-2 to Earth-1 versions of the uncancelled characters was, we don't know for sure when the Earth-1 WW made her public debut, or if anyone mentioned that she looked just like the old comic book heroine.  Personally, I suspect that not only did the comics published on Earth-1 consist mostly of titles from the All-American line, rather than the DC line (so no Superman, Superboy, Batman, Robin, Green Arrow or Aquaman comics appeared there before those heroes began their costumed careers), but since Gardner Fox was the writer credited with the ability to access Earth-2 adventures via his dreams, when he was writing Wonder Woman stories for Sensation, All-Star, and her own title, he kind of got his wires crossed, and while the resulting character looked like Wonder Woman, within the stories, her background, secret identity & supporting cast were those of Moon Girl, a character written by the Earth-Prime Fox.  Just a thought.

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