The Many Paths of George Perez, Part Two

101561-45495-george-perez_largeLast week, I looked at the first half of George Perez’s career (so far), from the time that he broke in with Marvel Comics in 1974 to the end of his Wonder Woman work at DC. Now, it’s time to pick up where we left off, with the second half of Perez’s career (so far) from 1991 to now.

VI. The Infinity/Imperfect Years (1991-1993)

The early ‘90s were a difficult time for George Perez. He has mentioned that he was beginning to become bored, having accomplished pretty much everything he could have ever wanted in the field. Plus, as comics embarked on the speculator boom, he felt that he started to make the wrong decisions for his career. He was chasing projects based on the money that was being offered rather than on his own level of interest. The lack of interest made it difficult for Perez to complete the projects he committed to, and he began to develop a reputation for lateness and not finishing his work. That was quite a turn-around for a guy once nicknamed “Pacesetter.”

This ennui had already started to affect his later work at DC. He abandoned the Titans graphic novel “Games” that he had been working on with Marv Wolfman. And he had difficulty getting “War of the Gods” in on time. (9)

Even so, George Perez kept on working. He dedicated himself to shorter projects. Fans may have complained about his inability to finish books on time (or at all) but they weren’t complaining about the quality of the books that did arrive.

Infinity_Gauntlet_1Perez delivered two major projects for Marvel during this time. The first was the Marvel crossover, The Infinity Gauntlet, beginning in July 1991. It was supposed to be his triumphant return to Marvel after having been with DC for nearly a dozen years. It was a modest success, but not nearly the blockbuster it was expected to be. And Ron Lim was brought in to finish the series, after Perez ran out of steam half-way through issue 4. The second was a prestige project with Peter David called The Incredible Hulk: Future Imperfect. This time, Perez finished the project and it was published in two issues (December 1992 and January 1993). (10) The two series did have their side benefits as well. Ron Lim would go to work on two Infinity Gauntlet sequels (War in ’92 and Crusade in ’93), while Perez would continue to partner with David.

VII. The Independent Years (1993-1996)

As the comic book industry continued to boom, George Perez started to work more and more for companies other 6311_400x600than the big two of Marvel and DC. A number of factors all came together to make this possible. Altruistically, Perez knew that lending his name to a fledgling company could help it garner some attention and increase its chances of survival. So he readily provided covers and centerfolds to companies like Boneyard, Chaos, Continuum and Crusade. However, there was also an issue of interest. The new companies were readily interested in having George Perez work for them. The big two were not, having been burned recently by late and abandoned projects.

George Perez worked on too many projects for too many companies to mention them all here. But there are five worth noting. First, George Perez accepted a dream job of inking over Gil Kane’s pencils for the Topps adaptation of the Jurassic Park movie (4 issues, June to August 1993). Second, Perez re-teamed with Peter David for a creator-owned project under Marvel’s Epic imprint. They came up with the investigative team Sachs and Violens, who appeared in four issues between November 1993 and July 1994.

Next, George Perez signed a major deal with Malibu Comics to work on their Ultraverse superhero line. He started with the two issue Break-Thru event (December 1993 and January 1994). Then he moved on to their new premiere 35366-5424-39497-1-ultraforce_superteam, Ultraforce, for 12 issues (including 2 zero issues and a 2-part crossover with Avengers). He also drew covers, illustrations and a complete issue of Prime (#15, Oct. 1994).

Perez left Malibu at about the same time the company was bought out by Marvel. He landed at Tekno*Comix, where he worked on an Isaac Asimov concept with writer Stephen Grant called I-Bots. That lasted half a year (December 1995-April 1996). Finally, he tried his hand at another creator-owned concept, Crimson Plague, through Event Comics. The title was announced in 1996 with an ashcan and first published in June 1997. (11)

Even though Perez jumped through a lot of different projects, he insists that he was actually doing some of his best work at this time. He got to ink himself on Hulk: Future Imperfect, which was a major step for him. He built a rapport with Al Vey, who was his inker on Ultraforce. And Crimson Plague challenged him to draw real people and not just superhero archetypes. Perez claims that this work is disregarded only because he was working on unknown characters, and not because it doesn’t measure up (12)

VIII. The Rebuilding Years (1996-1997)

2And yet, Perez himself grew tired of drawing second-rate characters. Why work on Prototype and Prime when you could be drawing Iron Man and Captain Marvel? Plus, the comic book boom was coming to a crash. His creator-owned project, Crimson Plague, could barely make a splash in the quickly diminishing market of 1997. Perez needed a safe harbor. In order to fulfill his renewed career goals, he also needed to rebuild his reputation.

First, George Perez got his foot back in the door at Marvel. However, he did so as a writer and not as an artist. Perez wrote a year’s worth of stories for a Silver Surfer series (#111-123, December 1995-December 1996 and a Silver Surfer/Superman crossover in January 1997). He also wrote a couple of issues of Spider-Man Team-Up (#2 and 4, March and September 1996). And, as he had done when he was first trying to break in back in 1974, Perez did odd art jobs like a couple of pages in Thunderbolts ’97.

Then, George Perez got his next big break at DC. Though it’s hard to imagine a 20-year veteran needing a big break, DC’s editors were skeptical about giving Perez another job. Dan Jurgens, who was working on a new Teen Titans revival, had to vouch for Perez. The editors still doubted that Perez could handle a monthly workload as a penciler, but they were willing to let him work as Jurgens’ inker on the new Titans series. That chance was all that Perez would need. He worked on 15 issues from October 1996 to December 1997. In doing so, he re-established himself as a reliable professional. His renewed reputation and contacts were about to pay off.

IX. The Avengers Years (1998-2000)

Avengers_III_1In 1998, Marvel re-launched many of their core titles like Captain America, Fantastic Four, Iron Man and The Avengers. They wanted superstar creative teams for each of the titles. Kurt Busiek, of Marvels and Astro City fame, was set to write the Avengers. And George Perez was added as a penciler. Some fans were still skeptical. Would Perez manage to draw more than three issues in a row? But Perez was committed to proving his critics wrong.

Avengers #1 (February, 1998) debuted as the number one selling book of the month. Marvel Comics, Kurt Busiek and George Perez had a smash hit on their hands. The book stayed at number one for a couple more months, and remained in the top five for the rest of the year. Perez drew all of the first 15 issues, including an over-sized issue 12. After a scheduled break, he then drew 15 of 16 issues from #19 to 34 including the instant classic “Ultron Unlimited” in issues 19-22. When Perez finally left the book after nearly 3 years, it was still one of the top ten selling titles in the industry.

George Perez was a superstar once again. He won the Comics’ Buyer’s Guide and Wizard Fan Awards for Favorite Penciler several years running and the Eagle Award for Favorite Penciler in 1999. (13)

X. The CrossGen/Crossover Years (2000-2004)

Perez_crossgenchr As always, George Perez’s attention started to wander. With his reputation restored and the industry on slightly firmer footing, Perez set out for independent ventures again. He joined several writers, such as Kurt Busiek and Mark Waid, in Gorilla Comics. He gave Crimson Plague a second shot, printing an updated first issue and a second (June and August 2000). And he provided a few extras for other members of the company. Unfortunately, the industry wasn’t quite as stable as the group had thought. Their funding fell through and George Perez was forced to leave several solicited projects unfinished (including Westwind with Kurt Busiek and several more issues of Crimson Plague). (14)

Then, George Perez shocked the comic book industry by signing with upstart publisher CrossGen. The new company was based in Tampa Bay, which was only a short drive from Perez’s home in Orlando. Plus, Perez was starting to tire of superheroes. That’s one reason why he had been participating in decidedly non-superhero work for Gorilla. CrossGen would allow Perez to draw science-fiction and fantasy. Plus, once again, he could lend his name to a company trying to get a good start in the industry. Perez drew four issues of CrossGen Chronicles (#2-5, March to December 2001), which allowed him to dabble in pirate stories and magical fantasy.

However, George Perez included a special clause in his contract with the company. Years before, he had been forced to abandon a major crossover between the Justice League of America and the Avengers when editors of the two companies couldn’t agree on the story. CrossGen agreed to give him a leave of absence for a new JLA/Avengers project. The deal was already in the works before Perez signed (that’s why he included the clause in the first place), but the publicity around the deal helped push it forward. Perez joyfully took a break from CrossGen to work on the project he described as his “valedictory address.”

Marveldc JLA/Avengers was huge. It was the talk of the industry for nearly two years, as fan anticipation for the project grew (hence, the many career retrospectives of George Perez in 2001). And JLA/Avengers delivered. It debuted as the number one selling comic in the summer of 2003 and set new industry records. For Perez, it was a suitable swan song as he planned to leave superheroes behind for good.

Perez’s other project that year wasn’t nearly as successful. Upon his return to CrossGen, Perez reportedly asked for a monthly title. He was given his wish, and went to work with Barbara Kesel on Solus, a title that would focus on CrossGen’s inner continuity. The debut issue (in April, 2003) was CrossGen’s highest-selling single issue in the company’s history. But it’s sales paled compared to comics from the big two and comics news agencies falsely reported that it was the lowest-selling comic Perez had ever drawn (not true, considering some of the titles Perez worked on in the early ‘90s as well as his Chronicles issues only two years earlier). Fans were also dismayed by the continuity-heavy title. Though Perez drew 6 of the first 7 issues, sales dropped quickly and Perez was pulled from the title for a higher profile crossover between Lady Death and Sojourn. That crossover would be added to the long list of Perez projects that never saw the light of day.

XI. The DC Years (2005-present)

For the second time in less than 5 years, George Perez was out a company. First, Gorilla had folded. Then, CrossGen declared bankruptcy. To the delight of many fans, George Perez returned to superheroes. This time, he signed a contract with DC. He initially mentioned two projects he wanted to work on. One, he hoped to finally finish the Titans: Games graphic novel. Two, he wanted to work on the Legion of Super-Heroes, one of the few team Three legionsbooks that he had never tackled. The editors at DC weren’t as interested in past projects and the Titans story was shelved again.

Instead, one of his first big assignments was to provide covers and occasional pencils for yet another major crossover: Infinite Crisis, which came out in 2005 and ‘06. He went on from there to provide art for an issue of JSA (#82, April 2006) as well as several more covers. DC teamed him with Mark Waid for a high-profile re-launch of Brave and the Bold. Unfortunately, that series was received about as well as Solus. Perez was supposed to finish the first year, but DC pulled him off the title after issue 10 (April 2008).

Finally, the editors at DC gave in to one of Perez’s expressed wishes. Outside of a half a dozen covers, Perez had never drawn the Legion of Super-Heroes. In 2008, he was paired with Geoff Johns on the mini-series Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds. The story would feature the Legion from three different continuities and set them up for future adventures. The first issue was cover dated October 2008 and the project is still ongoing.

(9): Sketch Magazine No. 10, November, 2001, George Perez: The Ultimate Team-Up, pp. 14-15.

(10): The Perez Archives, by Andy Mangels, 2001, pp. 15-16.

(11): The Perez Archives, by Andy Mangels, 2001, pp. 72-90.

(12): Sketch Magazine No. 10, November, 2001, George Perez: The Ultimate Team-Up, p. 15.

(13): Wikipedia: Wizard Fan Awards, Favorite Penciler, (

The Eagle Awards web-site, Previous Winners: 1999, (

(14): The Perez Archives, by Andy Mangels, 2001, pp. 76-80, 109.

Views: 140

Comment by Chris Fluit on August 1, 2009 at 10:28am
Wow. No comments. I thought for sure I would stir up some debate about CrossGen or '90s comics like Ultaforce.
Comment by Don Collett on August 3, 2009 at 1:46am
I didn't get to read any of the CrossGen books, so I can't comment on those. I did get the first couple of issues of Ultraforce. While Perez's work was up to its usual high standards, the story wasn't all that great, IMO.
Comment by Figserello on August 4, 2009 at 1:45am
Sorry I only got around to reading these Perez pieces now. I was saving it up for when I could concentrate on them properly. I loved this retrospective.

I've always thought of Perez as a steady stalwart who kept on working. As I say he drew my first, and still one of my favourite Avengers tales, then he was there for Hulk: Future Imperfect - perhaps the closest David's Hulk came to DKR standalone graphic novel status. I read COIE in the mid-nineties and the History of the DCU. Those were amazing books. Definitely the pinnacle of a certain artistic style.

I was right on board for his Avengers relaunch. Note that the first couple of issues had complete medieval fantasy redesigns for all the costumes - wasn't that for all the Avengers still around then? That's hours of work for just a few issues. He's a special kind of artist to do that.

I only reread JLA/Avengers a short while ago. It’s a masterpiece too. I see it as capstoning the era before the 'grubbiness' of the current Disassembled/Identity Crisis status quo kicked in. I mentioned it before, but as much as I loved the Perez/Busiek Avengers, the very fact that they revisited my own (and perhaps Kurt's) childhood team so slavishly, it kinda showed that it was time to move on in a completely new direction. (The new direction annoys me as much as entertains me, but things have to move on.)

No doubt it was a fanboy’s dream for Busiek to work on the ‘classic’ late 70s Avengers with Perez.

Interesting that you mention the single criticism of his work that his heroes look generic. It was true of his first run of Avengers, but they ARE generic heroes, as you say. It was great to see that he had moved on by the 90s and it was just about possible to tell the difference between Yellowjacket, Cap and Hawkeye without their masks. I’m intrigued by the little snub nose Perez gave Thor. It kinda suits him somehow!

He always seemed a steady stalwart to me, but it’s interesting to read of the ebb and flow of his career and the forces at play within an artist – boredom, seeking new challenges – and the forces working on him – the state of the industry, having to re-establish himself with new generations of fans etc.

Did Perez draw every page of Lo3W? Boy, that took him a while! I’m looking forward to reading it now that its finished.
Comment by Chris Fluit on August 5, 2009 at 9:52am
Thanks for the comments, Don and Figs.

I didn't get to read any of the CrossGen books, so I can't comment on those.

I would recommend checking out his four issues of CrossGen Chronicles. They all tell tales from the past of their respective worlds, so you don't need to know CrossGen's complex continuity in order to make sense of them. And it's a lot of fun to see Perez draw different things like pirate ships, military gear and magical constructs.

it kinda showed that it was time to move on in a completely new direction. (The new direction annoys me as much as entertains me, but things have to move on.)

I agree. I approve of the new direction in theory. I just haven't enjoyed the issues I've read.

Interesting that you mention the single criticism of his work that his heroes look generic. It was true of his first run of Avengers, but they ARE generic heroes, as you say. It was great to see that he had moved on by the 90s and it was just about possible to tell the difference between Yellowjacket, Cap and Hawkeye without their masks. I’m intrigued by the little snub nose Perez gave Thor. It kinda suits him somehow!

I think that was more a criticism he had of himself. When I think back to his Titans days, he drew very different body types for Raven, Starfire and Wonder Girl. But it sounds like he wanted to take that even further and drawing real people for Crimson Plague was part of that. And it looks like it paid off on his second Avengers run. Not just with Thor's nose (which was great) and different facial structures for the blond trio of Cap, Hawkeye and Yellowjacket (he gave Hawkeye a much wider mouth and fuller lips- the bigger mouth, as it were), but also with the women. Wasp was more pixie-ish. He emphasized Scarlet Witch's ethnic features. And so on. It was definitely part of what made that later run so great.

Did Perez draw every page of Lo3W? Boy, that took him a while! I’m looking forward to reading it now that its finished.

Yup, and yup.


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