If a rumour is pithy enough, especially if it involves a famous person and provides a cutting irony or a satisfying comeuppance, then the public will clutch it to its collective bosom, regardless of the facts. H. L. Mencken proved this some ninety years ago, with his Bathtub Hoax. I learnt it myself for the first time in 1962, one day at a friend’s house.
We were watching the regular afternoon rerun of Adventures of Superman, when my pal’s older brother, a senior in high school, popped his head in, pointed at George Reeves on the screen, and said, “He killed himself, you know. He jumped out of a window because he thought he could fly.”
I was old enough to have read the newspaper report on George Reeves’s death and to remember it. “What are you talking about?” I asked my friend’s big brother. “No, he didn’t.”
“Sure he did,” he replied. “He’d played Superman for so long he thought he was Superman and jumped out a window because he thought he could fly.”
He just shook his head, made a plunging-arc gesture with his hand, punctuated the motion with a “Splat!”, and walked off.
I looked at my buddy. He said, “That’s what I heard, too."
I knew better than to ask my parents about it. My folks wouldn’t have known who George Reeves was. They wrote off Superman as “soopernatural stuff”, as my mom put it, and they didn’t approve of me watching the show in the first place.
So, instead, the next day, I asked my teacher about it. I told her what my friend’s brother had said.
“I’m pretty sure that’s right,” she replied.
“But that’s not what happened,” I argued. “I read it in the paper.”
“You’ve probably got it mixed up with something else,” she told me, dismissing my protests out of hand because, of course, nobody ever listens to a kid.
Thankfully, the notion that George Reeves fell to his death because he thought he was Superman and could fly is one of the rare rumours that has vanished from public consciousness. While it was commonplace in the ‘60’s and most of the ‘70’s, it was finally killed by baby-boomers of my vintage. They grew up and wrote books and magazine articles. News shows and entertainment programmes dredged up the actual circumstances of George Reeves’s death. And the belief that Reeves plunged to his death has been supplanted by different suppositions and assumptions.
The fact of the matter is no-one will ever really know what happened that fateful hour on 16 June 1959. But for almost twenty years, thousands of reasonably intelligent people believed that Reeves died jumping out a window---I imagine there are some who still do---and no amount of facts would convince them otherwise.
Time has put that rumour to a deserved rest. But there are still a few other misbeliefs and inaccuracies about the Adventures of Superman TV show that need correcting. Those are the ones I’m going to talk about here.
Myth # 1. “. . . Able to Leap Tall Buildings in a Single Bound!”
It was one evening about fifteen years ago, I guess, when the Good Mrs. Benson and I were watching Wheel of Fortune on television. A certain puzzle, category “Famous Phrase”, popped up on the letter board, and within a couple of consonants, I knew exactly what it was. It didn’t take much longer for the GMB to get it, either.
Finally, when the board looked like this . . .
. . . the contestant whose turn it was felt sure he knew it, too. “I’d like to solve the puzzle, Pat.”
“About time!” I shouted at the TV set from my easy chair.
“Go ahead,” replied Pat Sajak.
Confidently, the contestant recited, “’Able to leap tall buildings in a single bound’.”
“I’m sorry,” said Sajak. “That’s incorrect.”
Shortly thereafter, another contestant got a shot at it. I guess she hadn't listened too closely to the first contestant's answer, for she said the exact same thing: “Able to leap tall buildings in a single bound.” And again, the Dreaded Buzzer of Shame sounded.
The third player wanted no part of it, though it was obvious the same phrase was going through his mind.
“Actually,” said Pat, “it’s ‘Able to leap tall buildings at a single bound’.”
I was perplexed. I had always quoted it as “In a single bound.” Everybody I knew who knew the expression cited it as “In a single bound.” And I wasn’t about to let go of that without checking myself.
I had most of the entire run of The Adventures of Superman on video tape. (I said this was fifteen years ago, remember?) I played about a half-dozen of them on my VCR, trying to sample one from each season the show ran.
And, by gosh, every time, announcer Bill Kennedy’s opening narration proclaimed “Able to leap tall buildings at a single bound!”
I recalled that the Fleischer animated Superman cartoons of the ‘40’s and the radio version of The Adventures of Superman also used the same opening. Maybe one of those had it as “in” and not “at”, I thought.
I had all of the Superman cartoons on video tape. I played the cartoons produced by Fleisher and the later ones produced by Famous Studios. Not all of them used the bullet/locomotive/tall building intro, but the ones that did all said “Able to leap tall buildings at a single bound!”
I had audio tapes of the radio show. By then, I knew what I was probably going to hear, but I had to be sure. Speeding bullet---check. Locomotive---check. And, yes, “Able to leap tall buildings at a single bound!”
Wheel of Fortune had it right.
Since then, I’ve come to realise that this is probably the single most misquoted phrase to appear in any books, articles, or web pages that mention Superman. So I know I’m likely performing that well-known act involving a bodily function and a rope here, but if you taken nothing else from these 156 Deck Log articles of mine, just remember this one thing.
Myth # 2. Whenever a Criminal Fired a Gun at Superman on the TV Show, the Man of Steel Would Let the Bullets Bounce Off His Chest, But He Would Always Duck When the Crook Threw the Gun at Him.
Remember Tomorrow, hosted by Tom Snyder? It ran from 1973 to 1981, sandwiched between The Tonight Show and the end-of-broadcast-day triptych of Sermonette, the national anthem, and the test pattern. (If you don’t know what the test pattern was, ask your grandpa.) Tomorrow was a wee-hours talk show for us insomniacs. Snyder, a former television reporter and anchorman, would interview individuals usually linked by a single theme.
On 18 October 1976, the show’s guests were the three performers who portrayed Jimmy Olsen, Lois Lane, and Inspector Henderson on the Superman television series---Jack Larson and Noel Neill and Robert Shayne. Filling a fourth chair was Gary Grossman, author of Superman: Serial to Cereal (Popular Library, 1977).
About mid-way through the hour, the show came back from commercial, and Snyder said to his four guests:
In the pictures that I saw, when Superman would stand up and someone would be shooting at him with a gun, the bullets would bounce off of his chest . . . But now, when the crook knew the gun was empty, he would take the gun and throw it at Superman. And Superman would duck and let the gun fly over his shoulder.
Tom Snyder wasn’t the only one to raise that odd scenario, or to do it on nationwide television. Around the same time, comedian David Brenner had made the first dozen or so of what would be 158 appearances on The Tonight Show. Much of Brenner’s early material plumbed humour out the illogical things one saw or did in day-to-day life. (“Have you ever noticed when you’re about to enter the post office, there’s a sign on the door that says ‘No Dogs Allowed Except Seeing-Eye Dogs’? Who’s that sign for?”)
Brenner used the bullet-and-gun thing in some of his routines. So the bullets go bouncing off of Superman’s chest, he would point out, and then the crook would throw the gun at him---and, every time, Superman would duck!
At the time, I nodded with Snyder and chuckled at Brenner, fully in agreement.
It’s a common observation. The other day I Googled “Superman ducks gun”, and I counted thirty separate, non-connected hits on it before I gave up because there were too many more pages to go. Not only were dozens of folks wryly commenting on it, but quite a few responders actually tried to provide rational, in-fiction explanations for it.
It was about five years ago that I got the idea of doing a “But I Always Thought . . . “ article on the Adventures of Superman television series. The problem was determining what, if any, popular misconceptions about the show existed and then, if there would be enough to build an article out of them.
One of the first things I thought of was the Superman-always-ducked-the-gun meme. It was a widespread belief, but a perfect example of the kind of thing I was looking for, if it proved to be untrue. Well, I didn’t have the time to sit down and view fifty-two hours of Superman episodes. So I did the next best thing.
I contacted Jim Nolt and Lou Koza, editors of “The Adventures Continue”, the most comprehensive Adventures of Superman site in existence. If it’s in any way, shape, or form connected with the series, then it’s there somewhere on their site---and it’s accurate. (And before you ask, yes, they have it right---“able to leap tall buildings at a single bound!”)
I sent e-mails to both Mr. Nolt and Mr. Koza, asking them about the ducking-the-gun business. Both gentlemen were gracious enough to reply. They both told me the exact number of times on the show that Superman ducked a gun hurled at him, and the number was the same in both replies.
It occurred exactly once---in the eighth episode of the first season, “The Mind Machine”. Superman bursts in on syndicate boss Cranek, before the mobster can stop Lois Lane from giving testimony against him to a Senate committee. The Man of Steel orders Cranek away from the machine which will destroy Lois’ brain and the hood pulls his gun.
You can see here what happens next . . . .
So, yes, Superman dodged a gun. But it didn’t happen every time he was shot at. Or even sometimes.
It happened only once.
* * * * *
Two down, two to go. Like I tend to do, I got a trifle long-winded, so we’ll wind things up next time when we take a look at another couple of misbeliefs about the amazing Adventures of Superman.